Calculate Simple Interest in Javascript

In this tutorial, I will show you the program for how to calculate simple interest in javascript.

What is simple Interest:

Simple interest is the interest on a loan that is calculated and charged only on the principal balance of the loan. It is calculated by multiplying the principle amount, rate of interest, and a number of years and dividing it by 100.

Simple Interest Formula = (P x T x R)/100
Where P: principle amount, T: time, and R: Interest rate
For example, if you borrow $10,000 for one year at an annual interest rate of 10%, you will pay the interest of $1,000 and $11,000 in total.

Program to calculate simple interest in javascript

Let’s create a simple program to calculate the simple interest in javascript. The code is straightforward.

// Function to Calculate Simple Interest in Javascript.
function calculateInterest(p, r, t) {
    return (p*r*t) / 100

console.log(calculateInterest(10000, 10, 1))



Program to calculate the total amount to be paid

Let’s also create a function that will return the total payable amount (principle + interest).

Total Amount Formula:
A = P x (1 + RT)

function calculateTotalAmount(p, r, t) {
    return p * (1 + ((r/100) * t))
console.log(calculateTotalAmount(10000, 10, 1))



Create a browser-based simple interest calculator

Let’s create an interactive calculator with the three input number fields (Principle, Rate of interest, Time in Years) and a button. On button click, total interest and amount will be displayed on the screen.

  <input type="number" id="p" placeholder="Enter Principle amount">
  <input type="number" id="r" placeholder="Enter Rate of interest">
  <input type="number" id="t" placeholder="Enter Time in Years">
  <button id="calculate">Calculate</button>
  <p id="result"></p>

    function calculateInterest(p, r, t) {
        return (p*r*t) / 100

    function calculateTotalAmount(p, r, t) {
        return p * (1 + ((r/100) * t))

    function calculate() {
      const p = document.querySelector("#p").value;
      const r = document.querySelector("#r").value;
      const t = document.querySelector("#t").value;

      const interest = calculateInterest(p, r, t);
      const total = calculateTotalAmount(p, r, t);
      const result = `Interest: $${interest}, Total Amt: $${total}`;
      document.querySelector("#result").innerHTML = result

    document.querySelector("#calculate").addEventListener("click", calculate);



Calculate Simple Interest in Javascript.

Code explanation:

  • HTML part: We create the three input fields with relevant ids and a button with the text ‘Calculate’ and an empty paragraph to display the result.
  • Javascript part: we create the calculate function that gets the principle, rate, and time entered by the user and calculates the interest and total amount, and renders it in the paragraph. In the end, we connect the calculate function to the button’s click event. So when the user clicks the button calculate function will get executed.